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Reports and Briefs

ICPH researches the causes of family homelessness, the demographics of this growing population, the conditions that make it difficult for homeless families to become self-sufficient, and the programs that are most effective in helping them transition out of poverty. ICPH works with programs and partners across the U.S. to conduct and disseminate this research in order to improve services and influence public policy.

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Latest Reports

Meeting the Child Care Needs of Homeless Families: How Do States Stack Up?
8/2014

Without safe and reliable care for their children, homeless parents cannot search for or sustain employment or access the job training, education, and other services essential to resolving their homelessness. Federal and state subsidized child care, designed to support low-income families’ self-sufficiency, should be a resource for these families. Yet, ICPH’s analysis of each state’s Child Care and Development Fund plan for federal Fiscal Years 2014–15 found that the majority of states do not have policies in place that ease and encourage homeless families’ use of child care subsidies.

Hitting the Target: A Case Study of Rapid Rehousing in Philadelphia
7/2014

Nearly four years after communities across the country began implementing rapid-rehousing programs on a large scale, the approach has gained a reputation as the best available strategy for solving homelessness. Yet the understanding of how programs are structured, whom they serve best, and which local characteristics are important for their success is limited because programs vary so widely from community to community. Consideration of these factors is key to crafting cost-effective programs that address homelessness and promote household stability. This brief presents a case study of Philadelphia’s experience with rapidly rehousing its homeless population between 2010 and 2012. It highlights the role of data collection and analysis in effectively using rapid-rehousing programs as part of a larger, comprehensive homeless-services effort.

A Tale of Two Students: Homelessness in New York City Public Schools
7/2014

During school year 2012-13 there were over 80,000 homeless students in New York City’s public school system, a 60% increase in just six years. This new policy report looks at the academic and behavioral challenges facing these students, as well as the impact of homelessness on their performance in school and their probable outcomes by 12th grade and beyond. Despite the disadvantages they face, an investment in high-quality early education and shelter-based after-school programs for these students now is a good first step.

Primary Stakeholders' Perspectives on Services for Families Without Homes [DRAFT]
4/2014

ICPH contributed a chapter to a new book Supporting Families Experiencing Homelessness: Current Practices and Future Directions. The book begins by discussing the effects of homelessness from infancy to adulthood, then addresses strengths-based and culturally competent services for homeless families with children, and ends with highlighting proven solutions and best practices toward ending family homelessness. ICPH provided the final chapter, which presents the perspectives of 12 stakeholders on the current state of family homelessness. The first half of the chapter relates the effects of homelessness that inhibit parents' ability to provide adequate care for their children. The second half of the chapter focuses on the federal policies that positively and negatively impact homeless parents and their children.

Read a draft of the chapter "Primary Stakeholders' Perspectives on Services for Families Without Homes" here. Edited by Mary E. Haskett, Staci Perlman, and Beryl Ann Cowan, this volume may be purchased online at Springer's website.

The Process of Poverty Destabilization: How Gentrification is Reshaping Upper Manhattan and the Bronx and Increasing Homelessness in New York City
2/2014

As gentrification spreads in parts of New York City and across the country, this policy brief, the second in a series, looks at trends in three neighborhoods of Upper Manhattan and the South Bronx—Washington Heights, Highbridge/Concourse, and Kingsbridge Heights—to better understand what poverty destabilization is and where and when it occurs.  Poverty destabilization is not an inevitable consequence of gentrification in areas of high poverty. Researchers point to affordable housing in the form of rent regulation or public housing—both unfortunately scarce—as a means for longtime residents to stay in their homes and as a way of decreasing pressure on the housing market.

Correction: The percentages under "No high school diploma" in Figure 2 should read as follows: Washington Heights, 33.3%; Kingsbridge Heights, 35.6%; and Highbridge/Concourse, 39.0%.

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